Eyes are very important because people rely on their eyes to see and make sense of the world around them. Eyes have unique functions of seeing all sorts of things in this world. Eyes can register the light rays and send them to the brain to interpret and produce an image. Eyes are very sensitive. So it is important to identify and treat eye disease as early as possible.
Causes of eye problems
Eye problems and ailments are the results of damaging actions like age-related eye vision loss, deficiency of nutrients, injury, and in some cases hereditary too.
Signs and symptoms of eye problems
Signs and symptoms include:
- Red Eyes-The eye looks red when the surface becomes infected and irritated because the blood vessels expand. The symptoms can lead to other condition such as conjunctivitis.
- Colorblindness-Colorblindness happens when the color cells in the eye do not work.
- Eyestrain-People who overuse their eyes may have eyestrain. Eyes get tired and need to rest just like any other parts of the body.
- Night Blindness– Cataracts and lack of vitamin A are night blindness that doctors can cure. But some are untreatable because it might have developed from a disease involving the retina.
- Dry Eyes– Dry eyes happen when the eyes cannot make enough good quality tears.
- Vision changes-As people gets older the vision changes. Other serious conditions also happen because of age like glaucoma and cataracts. Some vision changes can be dangerous and may need immediate medical care.
Common eye problems
- Lazy Eye– When one eye does not develop properly, it is called lazy eye. The vision is weaker in one eye and it tends to move lazily around while the other eye stays put.
- Cross eye –The eyes are not lined up with each other when looking at something.
- Presbyopia-This condition happens when you lose the ability to see close objects and small prints clearly despite the good distance.
- Cataracts– Cataracts are cloudy areas that develop in the eye. It does not cause pain, tearing and redness.
- Floaters-Floaters are tiny spots or specks that float across the field of vision. This condition is normal but sometimes can be a sign of a more serious eye problem.
- Excess tearing-This happens when eyes are sensitive to light, temperature or wind changes. Tearing can also be a sign of a more serious problem like eye infection or a blocked tear duct.
- Corneal Disease– Disease, infection, injury and exposure to toxins can damage your cornea. Symptoms may include reduced vision, red and watery eyes.
- Conjunctivitis– The tissue that lines the back of eyelids and covers the sclera gets inflamed. This cause redness, burning, itching, tearing and discharge in the eyes.
- Glaucoma-Glaucoma happens when there is a build-up of fluids in the eye causing pressure that damaged the optic nerve.
Preventive measures of eye problems
There are things that can help keep the eyes healthy and prevent the occurrence of eye ailments.
- Eat a healthy, balanced Diet
- Regular exercise
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Wear protective eyewear
- Wear sunglasses
- Give your eyes a rest
- Avoid smoking
- Know your family health history
- Know your other risk factor
- Have an eye check-up
Eye problem medicines
The following are common products for eye care:
- Tropical Eye Drops
- Azelast Eye Drops
- Norflox Eye Drops
- Lotepred Eye Drops
Eye problem diagnosis
Doctors rely on the test result of an eye exam, medical history, and family history to diagnose eye problem. With these data, your doctor can conclude whether the problem is treatable with medicine or not.
Treatment for eye problems
To cure eye problems, doctors prescribe eye care medicine depending on the type of disease and its severity.
- Symptoms such as pain an itching can be relieved by using different lubricants and ointment.
- Drugs like brinzolamide and dorzolamide prevent the production of excessive fluid in eyes.
- Conjunctivitis can be treated by using decongestant such as phenylephrine and oxymetazoline.
- Ophthalmic drops can increases the outflow of fluid and disease the pressure of the eyes.
- Cataract surgery is done for the removal of the clouded lens with the new artificial intraocular lens. Cataract surgery is considered safe and patient heals within 4 to 8 weeks.
- In severe cases, a cornea transplant is done.