Diabetes is a group of metabolic disease in which your blood sugar is too high. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas secretes very little insulin or no insulin at all. It can also happen when your body does not respond to insulin.
It’s often referred as diabetes mellitus by doctors. It was first identified as a disease related to sweet urine and excess muscle loss. Diabetes mellitus is the seventh leading cause of death in the US.
Three main types of diabetes
Causes of diabetes
There is no common diabetes cause that fits every type. The causes vary depending on your family history, genetic makeup and health factor.
The immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that makes the insulin. This causes diabetes, leaving the body without enough insulin to function well. Triggers may include:
There are several factors that can cause type 2 diabetes. It is believed that environmental and genetic factor contributes to the development of this disease. Other factor includes:
The cause remains unknown. But there are several factors that may increase your risk from this disease. This includes:
Signs and symptoms of diabetes
Signs and symptoms of diabetes include:
Complications of diabetes
Diabetes complications include:
To prevent diabetes you can choose the following lifestyle options:
Diabetes medicines include:
Your doctor will diagnose your condition through a blood sample that analyses the blood glucose levels. Other test includes:
Diabetes treatment includes: