Birth control is also known as contraception and fertility control. It’s designed to prevent pregnancy. There are several methods of birth control. That includes using condoms, birth control pills and many more. Some method works better than the others in preventing pregnancy.
Birth control is the conscious control of the birth rate. Research shows that teenagers are sexually active. Their chances of getting pregnant and sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are higher. The need to discuss the use of birth control is important.
The type of birth control method you use depends on the following:
- your desire to have children
- your health
- your need to prevent STD’s
- the frequency of sexual activity
Birth control works in several ways:
- Preventing sperm cells from getting to the eggs
- Keeping the woman’s ovaries from releasing eggs
- Permanently preventing women from getting pregnant
Birth control methods
There are several methods to avoid pregnancy and STD’s. They are grouped as non-hormonal and hormonal methods.
- Male and female condoms– This is the most inexpensive birth control method. It is 98% effective in avoiding pregnancy. A condom is also your best way to prevent STD’s.
- Cervical caps and diaphragms– It blocks the sperm from entering the cervix. It’s 94% effective.
- Spermicides– The chemicals kill the sperm. It is available in many forms such as gels, creams and tablets.
- Intrauterine devices– The device is inserted into the uterus. It inhibits the movement of the sperm by changing the lining of the uterus
- Combine pills– It contains both estrogen and progestin. It stops the release of eggs by thickening the mucus and making it harder for the egg to attach and grow.
- Drospirenone- Ethinylestradiol – These are the most reliable methods of avoiding pregnancy.
- Mini pill– It contains hormone progestin. It’s 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.
- Birth control shot– It’s an injection consist of estrogen and progestin hormones. This birth control shot is taken 5 days after menstrual cycle and then repeated every 3 months.
- IUD– IUD is inserted into the uterus. It doesn’t allow sperm cells to enter the cervix. It’s 100% effective.
Family planning involves abstaining from sex during the most fertile days of a woman. Compared with the prescription birth control, this method isn’t that effective. It does not offer any protection from STD’s.
Birth control side effects
Different birth control has different side effects and health risks. These include:
- High blood pressure
- Blood clot
- Heart attack and stroke
- IUD may increase your risk of an ectopic pregnancy