Antiviral drugs are medicines that can treat viral infections. Viral infection is the spreading of viruses inside the body. Viruses are tiny germs made of genetic materials inside a protein coating. It can cause infections like common colds, flu and warts. They can also cause severe illnesses such as smallpox, Ebola and AIDS.
Viruses depend on the host for survival. They invade living cells and use the cells to multiply. It can affect many areas of the body such as the brain, liver and skin. . Viruses are contagious. They can spread in many ways. Some can spread through saliva, touch and air. Other viruses can spread through sexual contact.
Diseases caused by a virus
Viral infection transmission
A virus can spread in many ways such as:
Signs and symptoms of viral infections
Symptoms may vary depending on what part of the body is affected, the type of virus and the general health of the affected person.
Severe symptoms include:
Symptoms for infants include:
The adverse effect of the problem
Some viral infection can cause severely complicated problems like:
Preventive measures of viral infections
Preventive measures include:
Antiviral medicine includes:
Viral infection diagnosis
Viral infection diagnosis is usually based on the symptoms. Your doctor will conduct a lab test to know the type of infection. The test includes:
Viral infection treatment
Some viral infections resolve on their own. The treatment focuses only on relieving the symptoms and not the virus itself. But there are antiviral medicines that work directly on the viruses. Different kinds of antiviral medicines can treat infections like shingles, herpes, chicken pox and HIV.