Antiemetic drugs are drugs that can help ease the symptoms of nausea and vomiting or emesis. Emesis is the forcible emptying of stomach content through the mouth. Nausea is the unpleasant feeling that comes before vomiting.
The antiemetic drug works by blocking the chemicals in the brain involved in vomiting and nausea.
Causes of emesis
Emesis is not a disease but it’s a signs of conditions like:
- Food poisoning
- Morning sickness
- Painful injury
- Excessive amount of alcohol
- Milk allergy
- Viral infections
- Food poisoning
- Motion sickness
- High fever
- Blocked intestines
Signs and symptoms of Emesis
Symptoms of emesis include:
- Abdominal pain
Complications of emesis
Vomiting is not harmful. But it’s a sign of a more serious illness. Problems may include:
- Brain infections
- Brain tumors
- Intestinal blockage
The adverse effect of the problem
Severe adverse effect may happen if the condition persists such as:
- Dehydration: This can happen when there’s a loss of electrolytes and water needed by the body.
- Choking: Choking may happen if the vomit gets into the lungs.
- Hyper-emesis: This can happen during pregnancy. Hormonal change can cause severe throwing up and post danger to the unborn child.
- Dental effect: The acid present in the vomit can cause tooth enamel formation.
- Mallory-Weiss tear: The linings in the esophagus erode due to excessive vomiting.
Preventive measures of emesis
There are several ways to prevent emesis from developing:
- Eat slowly
- Eat small meal throughout the day
- Avoid foods that are hard to digest
- Drink plenty of liquids
- Don’t let them eat and play at the same time.
- When traveling, let them sit near the windshield.
- Do not let them read or play when traveling.
Anti-emesis medicines include:
- Pantocid dsr
There is a need to consult your doctor in case of excessive vomiting. Your doctor may perform rectal analysis test, x-rays and CT scan to know the cause of emesis.
Emesis treatment is a blend of antiemetic drug and self-care measures. The goal is to lessen the episodes of vomiting, to replenish the body with the lost electrolytes and to eliminate nausea. Regardless of age and cause, treatments may include:
- Drinking plenty of liquids
- Taking an oral rehydration solution like Pedialyte.
- Eating crackers or high-protein snacks before getting out of bed for pregnant women.
- Taking prescription drugs to control vomiting related with pregnancy and motion sickness.