Anticoagulants are medicines that help prevent and treat blood from clotting. It can also reduce the chances of clot blood to travel into vital organs of the body. These are also known as blood thinners. Anticoagulant works by breaking up blood clots in your blood vessels, heart and brain. Without this drug, the clot can block the flow of blood and can lead to stroke and heart attack.
Blood clots are healthy and lifesaving when they stop bleeding. But blood clots can also form when they aren’t needed. A blood clot can cause stroke, heart attack and other serious medical problems.
Causes of Blood clot
Blood clots form when there is damage to the blood vessel lining. It also clots when it stops moving and become stagnant. Other possible causes of blood clots are:
Risk factors of blood clot
Certain risk factors may increase your chances of having blood clot. These are:
Signs and symptoms of blood clot
Sing and symptoms of blood clot may include:
Clot in the veins
Clot in the arteries
Clot in the heart
A clot in the arteries of the brain
Preventive measures of blood clotting
The best ways to prevent blood clots include:
Anti-blood clot medicines
Anti-blood clot medicines include:
Blood clot diagnosis
Your doctor will conduct the following test to confirm for the presence of blood clot.
Blood clot treatment
Venous blood clots
These are the most common anticoagulants. Blood thinner can stop existing blood clot from getting bigger. Your doctor may prescribe some of the blood clotting medicines below:
This drug is the most widely used blood thinner. Aspirin does not allow the formation of blood clots.
It is an antiplatelet drug. It is given to a person with unstable angina, stroke and atherosclerosis.
It is a natural protein which prevents the formation of blood clots. It is a good blood thinner that can treat and prevent blood clots in the arteries, veins and lungs.
It’s an oral blood thinner which helps prevent the formation of blood clot in the veins.