A muscle cramp is a sudden and involuntary muscle contraction. Usually, you can feel a hard painful lump. Leg cramps are common problems that affect the calves, feet and thigh muscles.
They are common and occur for a reason. Almost everyone experiences cramps. It usually lasts from a few seconds to a quarter of an hour. It involves a part of a muscle or several muscles. Some may involve simultaneous contraction of muscles. After the cramp, you may feel pain and tenderness in your legs for several hours. Most cramps occur at night while sleeping.
Causes of leg cramps
Many things can trigger a muscle cramp which includes:
Other conditions that can cause cramps are:
Symptoms of leg cramps
Cramps usually develop in the leg muscles mostly in the calf. Symptoms include pain and firmness in the affected muscles.
Preventive measures of leg cramps
These steps may help prevent leg cramps:
Leg cramp medicines
There is no medication for leg cramps. In severe cases, over-the-counter (OTC) medicines may help. Muscle relaxant and anti-cramp tablets can provide further relief. Other medicines such as Midol and Pamprin are effective in treating bad cramps.
Leg cramp treatment
If you have cramps these tips may help.
Certain vitamins and minerals may also help prevent muscle cramps. For pregnant women, increase in magnesium intake may help lessen the night time leg cramps.