Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells that grow out of control. The abnormal cells are known as cancer cells or tumor cells. It is non-contagious. It has the ability to infiltrate and destroy normal body tissue in the body. Cancer cells can often spread throughout the body.
There are about 200 types of cancer. They are identified according to the name of the tissue where they grow. Cancer affects millions of people and causes millions of death. It is the second-leading cause of death in the US.
Most common cancer in men, women and children:
Causes of cancer
Cells can become cancerous due to the changes in the DNA inside the cells. Error in the instruction can cause the cell not to function well and become cancerous.
Risk factors for cancer
Factors that may increase your risk of cancer include:
Signs and symptoms of cancer
Signs and symptoms vary depending on the part of the body affected. General signs and symptoms include:
Preventive measures of cancer
Your chances of developing cancer are affected by your lifestyle choices. Below are simple lifestyle prevention tips.
Anti-cancer medicine includes:
Doctors use several methods to diagnose cancer. The general test includes:
The different test can help identify different abnormalities that may point towards cancer.
Cancer treatment may be used as:
The goal is to remove the cancer cells in your body. The most common primary treatment is surgery.
The goal is to kill the remaining cancer cells after the primary treatment. The most common adjuvant treatment is chemotherapy, hormone and radiation therapy.
This can help relieve side effects of treatment.