Allergies are very common. They occur when your immune system reacts to substances called allergens. Allergens are found in pets, dust mites, pollen, molds, insect, ticks foods and some medicines.
When you have allergies, your body will make an antibody that identifies a particular allergen as harmful. When this allergen comes in contact with your body, your immune system will react. It releases histamine causing irritating swelling and rashes.
Allergies may exist in different forms:
- Pollen allergy– It’s one of the most common triggers of seasonal allergies. Some call this as hay fever and allergic rhinitis.
- Food allergy– Food allergy can affect 4 to 6 percent of children.
- Pet allergy– Allergic to pet furs are common. Symptoms include sneezing and watery eyes.
- Dust allergy– People who are allergic to dust often sneezes.
- Drug allergy– Allergic reaction to drug happens in a small number of people.
- Skin allergy– Skin allergy includes eczema, hives and dermatitis.
- Mold allergy– Allergic reaction to molds and mildew can occur year round.
Causes of allergy
Common allergy triggers include:
- Airborne allergens: pollen, dust mites, animal dander and molds
- Insect sting: bee or wasp sting, mosquito, fleas
- Foods: Soy, egg, peanut, wheat, cow’s milk
- Medicines: particularly penicillin-based antibiotics
Allergy signs and symptoms
Allergic reaction ranges from mild to severe. Symptoms include:
- Itching of the eyes, nose and roof of the mouth
- Watery, red eyes
- Runny, stuffy nose
- Tingling in the mouth
- Acute allergic reaction
- Swelling of the face, throat, lips and tongue
- Acute allergic reaction
- Facial swelling
- Itchy skin
Insect sting allergy
- Swelling at the sting site
- Wheezing and chest tightness
- Peel or flake
Preventive measures of allergy
Preventive measures on allergic reaction depend on the type of allergy. General measures include knowing your trigger. Stay away from factors that may trigger your allergies. Take your medicines on time in case of allergy outburst.
Anti-allergy medicine includes:
- Flixonase nasal spray
- Kenocort injection
- Nasacort Aqua nasal
- Seroflo Inhaler
- Azelastine hydrochloride
Your doctor will test you whether you have allergies or not. If you have allergies your doctor will also recommend one or two of the following test.
Allergy treatment includes:
- Allergen avoidance- You need to take steps to identify and avoid your trigger.
- Medications- Medicines can help reduce the response of your immune system. It can also ease your allergy signs. There are plenty of anti-allergy medicines such as:
- Cetirizine, Loratadine
- Nasal spray
- Immunotherapy- Your doctor may recommend allergen immunotherapy for severe allergies.